Note 2 - Critical estimates and assessment concerning the use of accounting principles

When it prepares the consolidated accounts the management team makes estimates, discretionary assessments and assumptions which influence the application of accounting principles. This accordingly affects recognised amounts for assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Last year’s annual accounts give a closer explanation of significant estimates and assumptions in Note 3 Critical estimates and assessments concerning the use of accounting principles.


The Group has not obtained a new calculation of pensions as of 30 September since no factors have been identified that significantly alter the pension liability. For a further description of the various pension schemes, see note 22 in the 2019 annual report.

Investment held for sale

SpareBank 1 SMN's strategy is that ownership duse to defaulted exposures should at the outset be of brief duration, normally not longer than one year. Investments are recorded at fair value in the Parent Bank's accounts, and is classified as investment held for sale.

2020 Q3 (NOKm) Assets Liabilities Revenue Expenses Profit Ownership
Mavi XV AS Group 42 1 3 3 - 100 %
Total Held for sale 42 0 3 3 -  


Losses on loans and guarantees
For a detailed description of the Bank's model for expected credit losses, refer to note 2 and 3 in the annual accounts for 2019. 

The input in the credit loss model have been changed a result of changed expectations due to the corona situation.The crisis and the significant increase in macroeconomic uncertainty have made the assessments extra demanding. The regulators have emphasized the importance of focusing on the expected long-term effects of the crisis and this has also been the bank's focus.  

In the first quarter 2020, the bank changed the assumptions for the base scenario in a negative direction. This has been continued in the second and third quarter 2020. In the third quarter the bank's exposure to hotels and tourism, including commercial real estate with the income mainly towards this industry, is separated into a separate portfolio with its own assessments of PD and LGD courses as well as special scenarios and weighting of these to reflect this portfolio's exposure to the effects of corona. In addition, this entire portfolio is included in stage 2 or 3.

The development in the base scenario is prepared using adjustment factors where the development in the business cycle is projected by assumptions about how much the probability of default (PD) or loss of default (LGD) will increase or decrease compared to the base scenario in a five-year period. We expect increased losses related to debtors that have a demanding starting point before the crisis - typically debtors in stage 2. The bank has therefore chosen to increase the trajectories for PD and LGD as well as reduce expected repayments in the base scenario, especially from year 2 onwards, since this will affect expected losses mainly for debtors in stage 2. To adjust for migration into stage 2, PD and LGD estimates are also increased in the first year. No first year repayments are assumed for all portfolios in all scenarios.

The effect of changes in input assumptions is shown as "Effect of changed assumptions in ECL model" in note 7. The effect is NOK 123 million for the bank and 117 million for the Group. 


The first part of the table below show total calculated expected credit loss as of 30 september 2020 in each of the five scenarios, distributed in the portfolios Retail Market, Corporate Market and offshore, tourism and agriculture, which adds up to parent bank. In addition the subsidiary SpareBank 1 Finans Midt-Norge is included. ECL for the parent bank and the subsidiary is summed up in the coloumn "Group"

The second part of the table show the ECL distributed by portfolio using the scenario weight applied, in addition to a alternative weighting where downside scenaro weight has been doubled. The weights used is different for the offshore and tourism portfolio.

If the downside scenario’s probability were doubled at the expense of the baseline scenario at the end of september 2020, this would have entailed an increase in loss provisions of NOK 112 million for the parent bank and NOK 120 million for the group.


    Corporate excl offshore/
Retail Market Offshore Agriculture Tourism Total Parent Bank SB 1 Finans MN Group
ECL expected scenario   423 117 858 44 44 1,485 57 1,543
ECL downside scenario   757 344 1,104 100 88 2,393 137 2,530
ECL upside scenario   319 45 727 23 12 1,124 42 1,166
ECL with scenario weights used 80/10/10 446 132   47    625 64  691
ECL with scenario weights used 60/30/10         54  54    54
ECL with scenario weights used 70/15/15     875      875    875
Total ECL used             1,554   1,620
ECL alternative scenario weights 70/20/10 479 155   53    687 72  761
ECL alternative scenario weights 30/60/10         67  67    67 
ECL alternative scenario weights 55/30/15     912      912    912
Total ECL alternative weights (double downside)           1,666   1,740
Change in ECL if alternative weights were used 33 23 37 6 13 112 8 120

The Tourism portfolio includes commercial real estate with more than 50% of the income from actors in hotels and tourism companies.

In addition, an ECL provision has been included for the group for the subsidiary SpareBank 1 SMN Spire Finans of NOK 2 million, which is not specified in the table.

The table reflects that there are some significant differences in underlying PD and LGD estimates in the different scenarios and that there are differentiated levels and level differences between the portfolios. At group level, the ECL in the upside scenario, which largely reflects the loss and default picture in recent years, is about 80 per cent of the ECL in the expected scenario. The downside scenario gives about double the ECL than in the expected scenario. Applied scenario weighting gives about 5 percent higher ECL than in the expected scenario.

© SpareBank 1 SMN